The main feature of Enlightenment philosophy is the belief that people can actively work to create a better world.?It is customary to present Candide as the result of Voltaires reaction to Leibniz and Pope,?(Wade 1) two of the main philosophers of the enlightenment era. There was certainly a lot that could have been done to improve the living conditions and to relieve the human plight depicted. Pope espoused not that the present world was the best of all possible worlds rather he merely believed that all actions in the world are good or right. He further espoused that this being was perfect and being a perfect being could not make anything imperfect. In the end however, what might finally have driven home the loss of the cause of Optimism was Pangloss own admission that he did not believe in the philosophy. When Candide is joined by Pangloss after the former survives the Bulgars, Pangloss teaches him to be exultant for the opportunity that the misfortune has offered them. Voltaire himself was a deist and believed that a god set the world into motion but left it to rule itself of its own accord. In the end, Pangloss finds optimism in candide essays himself part of their simple farming community, finally attaining peace from the worries of their misadventures. One follower, Alexander Pope, was an author of renown during Voltaires time. Candide: The Pupil of Optimism Voltaire reflects the rejection of Optimism through the persona of Candide.
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In the process he buys back the freedom of several friends, including Pangloss. Rather, Optimism excluded the existence of free will as the philosophy espoused a deterministic outlook with humans being guided along to follow only the best possible path already paved by God. Voltaire uses satire as a means of pointing out injustice, cruelty, and bigotry, and makes it seem intolerable to the reader. "Pessimism and Optimism in Candide.". The optimism in candide essays story is awash with examples of the different situations in which persons find themselves and the manner in which they perceive life as a result of their situations. By Cacambo, Candide replies, Alas? However, upon reaching Spain, Candide was curtly sentenced to hang for his heretical beliefs. Candide and his band of followers consider these words and decide that they must cultivate their garden. Candide: Optimism, essay, Research, paper, candide is a humorous, far-fetched tale. We will write a custom essay. The Age of Enlightenment is a term applied to a wide variety of ideas and advances in the fields of philosophy, science, and medicine. When he wrote Candide it was optimism that he had in mind more it seems the optimism of Leibniz than Popes.
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M, (December 31, 1969). It should be noted that Leibniz qualitatively excluded all other options by defining the present manner of living as best, not merely better than other options. Mineola, New York: Dover Publications, Inc., 1991. Gottfried Leibniz was, among other things, a philosopher and was best known for his optimism in candide essays philosophy on optimism. When reunited with the diseased and dying Pangloss, who had contracted syphilis, Candide asks if the Devil is at fault. He therefore guides Candide to view each hardship as still the best of the possible worlds that could possibly have been brought forth into motion. When considering the absurdly deplorable conditions that Candide was made to face, it is surprising that it took him so long to completely reject the philosophy of his tutor.
In the end however, Candide is overrun by optimism in candide essays the criticisms offered by the people he meets regarding his optimistic outlook. The multitudes of disasters, which Candide undergoes, leads to the abandonment of his belief in optimism. But if events were to be viewed from Gods perspective, the harm in the world would be seen as tolerable or even necessary. Optimism in effect communicates that such misfortunes are a natural component of the world and there is nothing that man can do to ease the suffering of their fellow man. (Mason 1).?Candide anatomizes the worlds potential for disaster and examines the corresponding human capacity for optimism? Certainly Eldorado is a utopian and idyllic society. The insinuation that Adam and Eve were pre-ordained to be exiled from Eden reflected that they were not punished because of their own free will. Throughout his travels, he adheres to the teachings of his tutor, Pangloss, believing that all is for the best in the best of all possible worlds, (Voltaire 4). Take into consideration for example the demeanor and outlook of Candide, he was optimistic about the situations that surrounded him only when he could stomach being optimistic. Thus, it was the philosophies of Leibniz and Pope that Voltaire responded to in several of his writings.
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When Pangloss and Candide reach Spain he gets into a debate regarding the application of optimism in Adam and Eves sin in the Garden of Eden. The attack on the claim that this is the best of all possible worlds is apparent throughout the entire novel. Bucknell Review viii.4 (1959 287298. Labor, Candide learns, eliminates the three curses of mankind: want, boredom, and vice. The human nature was demonstrated as incessantly malleable and capable of adjusting to the different conditions thrust upon it by life, whether improving or degrading their status.
After this scene however, Candide finds himself in the optimism in candide essays utopian city of Eldorado. It was therefore a matter of attitude that determined whether the situation was truly good or bad. It can thus be seen that there was no actual determination of the circumstances presenting themselves. Pangloss himself started off as an educated tutor working for a baron. This rejection however occurs throughout the events in the story. It was further held by Leibniz that God could have imagined and created all kinds of worlds.