For much of your academic career, you've likely been asked to use research to justify a position that has already been set. The 12 Steps to an Effective. This assumes, of course, that you have more than one research question or hypothesis. Conduct a brief summary of the principal implications of your findings (do this regardless of any statistical significance). Relevant literature and theory has been cited. PhD need only push the boundary of knowledge a teeny tiny bit, it also reminded me that a doctorate is all about having an original contribution to the body of knowledge. Organisation of data So, you have created an outline for your findings and highlighted what you thought was most interesting or important for your project. It can also help ensure that the reader actually understands the points you are trying to highlight within your project.
What to Include in a PhD Dissertation Discussion Chapter
You must explain your findings and justify why you have run/presented the tests that you have. You can put in a place holder until you know how your sections will be numbered. Make sure to defend your answers. Try to see your writing through the eyes of someone else, which should help you write more clearly. Write to try and work out what you think and then re-write it later. You probably love watching films that keep you on your toes. They commonly document the mean, median, and mode for all of their results. Let's outline the main takeaway points: It is essential that you keep in mind the describe, analyse, synthesise model. Ambivalence: can it help with your PhD? You don't want to overwhelm someone who is going to mark your work and who is responsible for your success (or failure). Ensure that graphs and tables are appropriately explained, but that the information provided is not duplicated.
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Findings from this study indicate. Her metaphor of discussion - chapter -as-taking-flight reminded me of Richard Bachs allegorical novella Jonathan Livingstone Seagull in which the non-conformist seagull Jonathan works tirelessly, often on his own and sometimes as an outcast, towards a kind of flight never before achieved by any seagull. The analysis confirms, the data suggests that, give your interpretations. * * Eventually I found a mental space in which I could put some words to the page (just one word in front of the other, I told myself; get it down and I got started on the duhm duhm daaahhhhhhm discussion chapter. Essentially the discussion chapter tells your reader what your findings might mean, how valuable they are and why. Matt Mights illustrated definition of the, phD, which I had initially found grounding, now seemed terrifying. . It is also important to consider your data in the describe section.
Whatever program you have used, make sure that you document what you have done and the variables that have affected your analysis. It is your job to present the reader with information on your theme/heading without including all the extra information. However, based on the findings of similar studies, a more plausible explanation. As Pats blog post explains, this is the place for interpretation and theorisation. Finding this balance can be challenging. Click below to find out how we can help. When considering how to present your qualitative data, it may be helpful to begin with the initial outline you have created (and the one described above). In longer pieces of work, these chapters are usually separate. Look with your understanding. Explaining unexpected results and evaluating their significance Considering possible alternative explanations and making an argument for your position You can organize your discussion around key themes, hypotheses or research questions, following the same structure as your results section.
Again, you've likely used a software program to run your statistical analysis, and you have an outline and subheadings where you can focus your findings. How would the machine work? The second source of anxiety is the need to think creatively. Pat Thomson, my go-to blogger on all things academic writing, describes the discussion chapter through the metaphor of taking flight. You might be better off structuring your findings chapter in relation to your research questions or your hypotheses. We will give you a free consultation and offer strategies to get you on track to receiving your PhD! Make sure you can justify why you chose one particular test over another. Most of the rest of the thesis asks us to think analytically; or, if you are in a practice based discipline, to make stuff; or perhaps, if you are an ethnographer, to observe the world in some way. If you have conducted things like interviews or observations, you are likely to have transcripts that encompass pages and pages of work. Theres no one answer that can help everyone because every project is original, so I thought I would offer a few thoughts on it by way of starting a conversation. One of the main issues that students tend to encounter when writing up their findings is the amount writing phd thesis discussion chapter of data to include.
But be aware that this can be considerably more work, so you should allow for this in your timescale if it's something you wish to implement. Richard Bach, Jonathan Livingston Seagull, since beginning my, phD two and a half years ago, I have plugged away at my thesis, chipping at it bit by agonisingly small bit, sometimes having to retrace my steps or throw out whole sections of work. Students who are not writing phd thesis discussion chapter confident with statistical analysis often have a tendency to revert back to their secondary school mathematics skills. So by structuring a dissertation that lays out each research question for the marker, you are making their job easier. When necessary, point the audience to figures and/or graphs to enhance your argument. But you need to pull examples from both of these sections in order to make the points that you need.
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This is a huge chunk of information, so it's essential that it is clearly organised and that the reader knows what is supposed to be happening. It was a start. Finally, create an outline before you begin. It is important that you embed your"s/examples within your own thoughts. If you have qualitative data, ensure that you have edited the"s and examples to a reasonable length. With a few clicks and keyboard taps, a beautiful graph, figure or table can appear in your document. Suggestions for further research can lead directly from the limitations. With the main goals mentioned, it is interesting to note how to go about writing this chapter. Do not use an apologetic tone in this section.
The first is scholarly confidence. This means that any figures or graphs that you create must be readable in a black and white (or greyscale) format. These kinds of explications by PhD candidates are useful material for others as they approach different stages of thesis wrangling. Ideally, you will be able to concisely and effectively link your research to what has been researched previously. At the University of Melbourne we used to talk about how a good thesis has a, ph Factor. One common mistake found in student writing is the presentation of the statistical analysis. This is also a break for the reader. Unlike critical thinking, this requires you to use other peoples ideas. In the past I have referred to the imrad formula as the dead hand of the thesis genre ; a phrase I picked up from my colleague Dr Robyn Barnacle.
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Up until this point, my metaphors. Soon enough Im sure I will take flight. Make a consistent effort to stick with the writing phd thesis discussion chapter same general tone of the introduction. Limitations might be due to your overall research design, specific methodological choices, or unanticipated obstacles that emerged during the research process. First, it is always difficult to determine what you are going to cut and/or include.
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Limitations arent about listing your errors, but about providing an accurate picture of what can and cannot be concluded from your study. The discussion writing phd thesis discussion chapter should show how your findings fit with existing knowledge, what new insights they contribute, and what consequences they have for theory or practice. Dont introduce new results you should only discuss the data that you have already reported in the results chapter. The chapter is still in draft form, but instead of standing still, mute and frozen, I am flapping my wings with a sense of how and where Im going. You must set up the examples you have chosen in a clear and coherent way. Are there tricks you have used to help you get your creative juices flowing?
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Critical thinking asks you to provide your own opinion on your topic, which can be daunting at first. This can feel risky because, if you have been approaching the thesis in the right spirit, you are likely to be experiencing Doubt. Clearly explain why these results are acceptable and how they consistently fit in with previously published knowledge about the subject. In many cases, this final copy must be printed in black and white. What constitutes critical thinking versus what is a simple description. Therefore, at the end of your discussion introduction you should highlight the content that each of the subsections will cover. Alternative explanations of the results have been considered. To do this, follow three important suggestions: Answer those questions posed in the introduction (central research questions). Contact Dissertation Genius for Any Other Inquiries or Concerns About Your Dissertation.
Usually this means writing about the example both before and after. Like any writing phd thesis discussion chapter other chapter in your thesis, an introduction is an essential component of your discussion. Any limitations of the research have been acknowledged and evaluated. These parts usually appear in the discussion and ask you to employ your critical thinking skills to demonstrate how your research fits into the bigger picture. The research questions have been answered. You can also begin by highlighting the most significant or unexpected results. Make sure to include a discussion of any unexpected findings. When creating titles for your subheadings, consider how they are going to look in the table of contents. If not, your findings chapter may end up a confusing and unorganised mess of random information. Implications: why do the results matter? For some, Microsoft Excel may be sufficient for basic analysis.
This means using the same key terms, the same tense, and the same point of view as used in your introduction. We realise that it is going to be a difficult process to pick and choose pieces of data to include. If you have not completed this process, you must do so before beginning to write. Information contained in this section will highlight the finer details of writing up your findings and discussion sections. Needless to say, this a great thing. Further research is needed to establish Future writing phd thesis discussion chapter studies should take into account There are a few common mistakes to avoid when writing the discussion section of your dissertation. Show how the results of your study and their conclusions are significant and how they impact our understanding of the problem(s) that your dissertation examines. Looking at pages and pages of text without any breaks can be daunting and overwhelming for a reader. Then I went back into my literature chapter and pulled out the threads which related to those research questions, especially those areas in which I had identified gaps or areas for further embellishment or new perspectives.