Affirmative action essay reference

affirmative action essay reference

Although it is claimed that there is no prejudice between genders while recruiting and pay scales of men and women, this is not what is observed. While Wikipedia should not be used as a reference in its own right it can be very useful as a source of material; just check what references the editors have used and follow the links where possible. It was also initiated in the work place to promote fairness for minorities in job placement, salary increase, and advancement of their careers (Brunner, 2001). In fact, even according to the current demographic, if women arent provided professional opportunities, they might fall into the category of people who need support rather than be a part of the workforce. Reasons given by some female doctors for not practicing have been womens exploitation for their soft values and compassion, they easily give way to men both at home or work, women lack confidence, lack hard core professional skills. With such affirmative action essay reference legal protection, no argument can hold working of a woman against her will of bearing a child.

Affirmative action persuasive essay - Choose Expert and Cheap

Affirmative action helps the children and the grandchildren of Jesse Jackson, John Conyers and Al Sharpton who have the money for the SAT prep courses, private schools and the clout to call the deans of admission should something go awry. May 21, 2009 Reginald. Setting up reserved seats for male students is itself an insult to merit system. Third, proponents of affirmative action recognize that some demographic groups face a systematic barrier, which means they lack both the means and opportunities to enter and compete in particular fields. Well, affirmative action essay reference its absolutely possible. Education in Pakistan for women is improving rapidly for women.

However, recently there has been a lot of debate regarding the trend of number of female students exceeding male students in professional colleges due to admissions on the basis of open merit. 1 of employed men earn up to 5000 rupees per month. An essay or paper on Affirmative Action Pros Cons. Scott Plous, PhD, Professor of Psychology at Wesleyan University, wrote in his article Ten Myths About Affirmative Action, posted on his website (accessed Aug. Things to look for are changes in the earnings difference between blacks and whites since affirmative action began, the percentage of black Americans employed by federal agencies and the number of prominent black public figures.

Affirmative action essays - Choose Expert and Cheap

Affirmative action involves showing a preference for selecting and/or promoting members of a demographic or minority group with a history of discrimination. The laws concerning our case mainly are from the affirmative action essay reference Fundamental Rights section of the Pakistans Constitution Chapter I Part. It has been controversial because it has been said to be a form of reverse discrimination. How have they benefited or hurt the. Education is a fundamental right of an individual. Therefore, the expense done on female students is being repeatedly regarded as a drain of educational resources. This is consistent with Article 26 (1) of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948 Education shall be free at least in the elementary and fundamental stages Technical and professional education shall be made generally available and higher education. Accepting these policies will also crop up the issue of implementation and enforcement of the new law, which will require revision of local school laws and admission policies. 5000 (Pakistan Bureau of Statistics). Both Presidents Nixon and Carter issued their own executive affirmative action orders, which built upon Kennedys original guidelines and provided additional opportunities and protection for women. Yet affirmative action was never proposed as a cure-all solution to inequality. This argument, however, was not accepted by the courts. (3) Nothing in this Article shall prevent the State from making any special provision for the protection of women and children.

The Pro's and Con's of, affirmative Action, essay

What are the pros/cons of these. The affirmative action essay reference inequity has been the result of poor implementation and social customs. The constitution says we must treat all people equally, but affirmative action treats some people unequally, actually more equally. Congress and the Executive Branch soon followed by adopting a panoply of laws and regulations authorizing, either directly or by judicial or administrative interpretation, race-conscious strategies to promote minority opportunity in jobs, education, and governmental contracting. The policies behind affirmative action encourage all deprived students to enter an advanced educational system. 2) The State shall not make any law which takes away or abridges the rights so conferred and any law made in contravention of this clause shall, to the extent of such contravention, be void. There are strong proofs present on the causal relation between poverty and the ill-grooming of the child. Lastly, qualified candidates may feel theyre victims of employment"s and historical advantages, or reverse discrimination, which gives members of the majority a taste of the minority experience. This paper will discuss the purpose behind affirmative action, as well as, its various strengths and weaknesses. Well affirmative action is, in plain text, the consideration of your class, race, gender, color, ethnicity, national origin, and disability when deciding who gets a certain job or admission into a school.

This website is a practical guide to answering that affirmative action essay reference question. In weighing the pros and cons of affirmative action. Individuals who are pro affirmative action state that minorities may come from neighborhoods that are high in crime, violence, and drugs. Tired of the Los Angeles traffic. The" system favoring men against women appears to promote a bad social custom. Many students live very segregated lives up until the time they start college. When writing an essay on the subject its important to look beyond the often inflated rhetoric and examine the facts. Also, to safeguard this law, the constitution further implies that any law made in opposition to the fundamental rights be void, as stated in Article 8: Laws inconsistent with or in derogation of fundamental rights. Raza Ali khan presented an argument in front of an apex court in AJK where five girls filed a petition against" system (Naqash). Also, the believed trend of enrollment is only restricted to medical colleges.

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(National Educational Policy 2009) The problems in Pakistans social system need to be realized and they should not be made to interfere or overrule the fundamental rights. The Pros Cons of College Entrance Essays. We shouldnt ignore that race continues to matter: To suggest that our racial attitudes play no part in the socio-economic disparities that we often observe turns a blind eye to both our history and our experience and relieves. More than one million students will not graduate from high school this year, and a disproportionate number of them will be African-American, Latino, or Native American. Pros and Cons of Affirmative Action Affirmative action is defined as policies that seek out, encourage, and sometimes give preferential treatment to employees in groups protected by Title VII. Lets take a look at some of the arguments both for and against affirmative action. Existing laws help to prevent outright discrimination on the basis of race and gender, but they alone are not enough to create equal opportunities for every American. Article 25 states Equality of citizens. I think that when you apply different standards to people, thats discriminatory, no matter what you want to call. (1983) Affirmative Action in Higher Education: Is It Necessary.

Lastly, a discussion of affirmative action on an international scale, and what international documents have to say about the topic. According to the latest pslm survey (2008-2009) only 45 women are literate compared with 69 literate males in Pakistan. Read also: (1983) Affirmative Action in Higher Education: Is It Necessary. According to Article 37, the State shall (b) remove illiteracy and provide free and compulsory secondary education within the minimum possible period; (c) make technical and professional education generally available and higher education equally accessible to all on the basis. Courts will have to decide how and in what form the affirmative action be executed. The Economist says, Poverty is very bad for children, so if the mothers work helps to avert it they will benefit. In weighing the pros and cons of affirmative action, we must also answer the question What constitutes a history of discrimination. Affirmative action policies have proven a good way to balance structuctural disparieties in many societies. The ratio of registered female dentist is even higher, 515, as compared to 244 male affirmative action essay reference dentists (pmdc). The reasonableness for affirmative action was given by the legislature is at liberty to act with reference to the established usages, customs and traditions of the people and with a view to the promotion of their comfort and the. Also, these policies have the tendency of reducing competition among the favored group which will again lead to the degeneration of our country as incompetent and under qualified labor makes it to the work force. Affirmative action which is just one of many effective tools for expanding opportunity remains essential for the full inclusion of all of those who historically have been and continue to be structurally relegated to the margins of society.

Minorities tend to receive the stereotype that they are poor and are all from lower class homes. As mentioned, an increased amount of female enrollment can be observed. Framing admission policies dependant on only one category of professional colleges is undesirable. An Interview with The Easy Essay's Designer Barry Morse * New Responsive Design. These laws guarantee the right of equality of every citizen regardless of gender while encouraging steps to be taken for the betterment of women in Pakistan. Affirmative action programs including targeted outreach and recruitment efforts, the use of non-traditional criteria for hiring and admissions, after-school and mentorship programs, and training and apprenticeship opportunities are tailored to fit specific instances where race and gender must. African-American women, moreover, earn only sixty-three cents per hour and Hispanic women only fiftytwo cents per hour for every dollar a white man earns for similar employment. Affirmative action leads to reverse discrimination. Unfortunately this can also mean that other candidates are rejected in favor of someone who is less well qualified, and that can be a cause of resentment. These"s are a way to ensure that people from certain socio-demographic groups, which have traditionally suffered discrimination, have access to schools, jobs, and / or participate in political life. There are many sources of information available online, and they can be easily found. Even if women dont pursue employment after education, they still benefit the society as it has been concluded that children of educated mothers go for higher education, educated women are more aware of their rights, their role. Black and Hispanic Americans would rise and overcome as well if only they could be liberated from the condescending mind-set that thinks its a compliment to tell a group of college seniors that they show great promise for minorities.

My sense is that it does a good job in promoting diverse student bodies and affirmative action essay reference work forces and providing equal opportunity for at least some minorities, said Fliter. These numbers clearly contradict the underlying assumption of woman putting the degree to a waste. Male doctors and engineers on the other hand, have also shown discontentment with their salaries and recently it has been noticed that a considerably large number of males have migrated to Middle East and USA in order to practice medicine. At the federal level, the roots of affirmative action can be found in an executive order issued by President John. Immediate implementation of these will help Pakistan to get closer to achieving the EFA goals and MDGs (Millennium Development Goals). Given that, it gets impossible for a significant number of female doctors to actively work at night shifts, compete with male businessmen or to take up strenuous tasks of work as engineers and technicians. Affirmative action is a way to help compensate for the.

Affirmative action essay pros and cons Writing a good essay

Most common argument raised against woman filling the medical seats affirmative action essay reference is that the seats are wasted because after graduation, they dont practice their respective fields; whereas the bread earners of the family, usually the men, need to get education in order to sustain the family. Since its inception, Pakistan has been among the countries with very low literacy rates. While Obamas election qualifies as a down payment on equality, much more remains to be done. Affirmative action arose out of a desire to bring minority groups into institutions and professions that had traditionally been dominated by white males. Discrimination in legal sense is defined as unequal treatment of persons, for a reason which has nothing to do with legal rights or ability (Law. While the law refutes injustice and prejudice on basis of gender, many in Pakistan have been pushing for reserved"s for male students and in fact favor a deserving female students seat to be taken up by a relatively non-deserving male student. They believe that affirmative action is needed to counteract these negative effects (Timmons, 2009). According to Pakistans constitution, this action would be unlawful. Therefore, this aims to increase ethnic and other types of diversity within the social sphere of the community. It will take away ones right (in our case females) to equal consideration and equal opportunity in the admission process. The purpose of this paper is to bring to light all the issues, and then make an educated statement of whether affirmative action is a worthwhile activity or if there is a better solution. Any law which opposes fundamental rights shall be void under our constitution.

Affirmative action, essays and Research Papers

The unwillingness of corporate leaders to choose candidates outside of their demographic ranks is known as a hire-like-me bias. As a way of redressing past inequalities, Affirmative Action sometimes uses preferential selection to ensure that members of the affected minorities are guaranteed partiality over non-minority applicants. We might enforce reserve"s for male students now but after a decade we might be facing a crisis. Affirmative Action programs merely acknowledge that hundreds of years of discrimination cannot be erased in a few decades and still hold women and people of color back. The scholarship is disbursed in four annual installments of 2500. This isnt necessarily a bad thing since the literacy rate of females overall is still less than males. When kids write, affirmative action essay reference they can max out their working memory by remembering ideas, sentence structure, organization, spelling, mechanics, etc.2 With a graphic organizer, kids can plan out their ideas before they start writing. But these students mainly migrate overseas for further education and jobs.

You may view this document now for only. It is time for liberal black leaders to stop hiding behind racism and admit that our priorities as a community have become our greatest hurdle to achieving long-term success. It is time we do away with preferences and recognize people, as Martin Luther King urged us, by the content of their character. Unluckily, affirmative action essay reference there has been a lot of generalization about the reasons to lower number of female professionals and the foremost explanation is marriage after graduation and womens preference to stay at home after marriage. It helped to correct a history of racial discrimination propagated by whites, but its a new day in America. Arguments For and Against Affirmative Action. This has affected their access to higher education, and an obvious solution is to set"s to ensure that more black students get to attend university. Typing makes it effortless to spell-check. Also a report shows that most of the male doctors are leaving abroad because lack of proper service and salary structure in the country (pmdc). 16, 2009 Barack Obama,. Currently the Government of Pakistan is spending about 2 percent of GNP on education (pslm Survey ).

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But the fact that female professionals are not provided with suitable working environment is often overlooked. However, opponents argue that gender has nothing to do with how well someone can perform as a dean, professor, or provost. Rather, it is by blacks who relish a perverse sub-culture of low standards and perpetual victimization. But we dont even look at that. 1980 World Census of Agriculture, FAO) The increased number of women participating in the workforce in rural areas compared to urban areas suggests that lack of professional education might actually be the cause. But there can be measures to accommodate females which should be taken up by the government and concerned institutes. Faiths and Values Paper #1 March 4, 2010 Affirmative action was introduced in 1965 as a method of addressing the discrimination of minorities that continued to happen in the United States. Education of women has its own benefits, from economic welfare to child upbringing and overall social wellbeing. Ferguson, which ended in the desegregation of all.

He says that it would be highly unfair to affirmative action essay reference select a male student with 63 marks in a medical college while rejecting a girl with 83 marks. (1998) International Perspectives on Affirmative Action in the 1990s Educational Researcher, Vol. It is also observed that an educated mother contributes more towards a healthy society. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level. Given the dearth of black and Latino. Another argument presented for supporting affirmative action is that a working woman damages the family system, leading to the American liberal and damaged family life. Statistics also prove that majority of the lady doctors are employed and their employment is increasing with the passage of time. Its also worth looking at the response to affirmative action among the groups it wasnt designed to benefit. If we really wanted to help black people lets just take black people for an example we would not be putting so much emphasis on getting them into Berkeley as we would giving them the equivalent. What community would not rather have Harvard-educated blacks and Hispanics than high-scho. Having said this, it is important to note that with this brain drain the total percentage of professionals in Pakistan. We support affirmative action and other race- and gender-conscious policies as vital.

Affirmative Action, essay - OffSchool

The nature of affirmative action essay reference policy and terminology used vary from country to country. There are those who feel that AA has exceeded its usefulness, and. (site text book) This is usually done through educational or economical benefits. Affirmative action refers to the policies and laws that attempt to redress a situation of discrimination and promote equal opportunity. Com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school thats right for you. This consists of preferential access to education, employment, health care, or social welfare. In a recently held survey, researchers have shown that. The concept behind affirmative action is prevalent in most democratic countries. In addition to these Federal grant programs, many states offer grants and scholarships to resident students with extreme financial need. Pakistani society has been male-dominant, where men govern not only private but public spheres as well. The Pros and Cons of Drones. Introducing a" would also mean that the standard and quality of doctors would be compromised. Secondly, affirmative action is already being carried out in Pakistan in the forms of"s based on ethnic groups but again the reason for this is that these groups have been deprived of educational standards enjoyed by others or are underrepresented in all sectors.

When narrowed down, these statistics reflect that women benefiting from open merit are not only to be held responsible for a lack of skilled labor force. Explore Keep Clam and Carry On: The Ivar Haglund Story Bohemian, entertainer, radio and television personality, restaurateur, entrepreneur Ivar Haglund was a beloved Seattle personality and regional cultural icon. One central reason for this has been the shortage of educational opportunities. Opportunities for women and people of color have expanded, and many believe that the unequal conditions that once justified affirmative action no longer exist. After more than 50 years its now possible to look beyond the initial arguments and try to work out what it has done for American society, and especially for the advancement of the people it was intended to benefit - black Americans. In the 1990s, President Bill Clinton advocated a mend it, dont end it policy. Affirmative action is difficult because it stirs up a lot of emotions, said Tummala, pictured at left, a political science affirmative action essay reference professor and director of the graduate program in public administration. Despite the progress that has been made, the playing field is far from level. The Essence of Affirmative Action, an interesting point to look at is whether or not affirmative action had any influence on the fact that America now has a black president. Kennedy when he wrote the Executive Order 10925 in which he included a provision according to which public contractors should take affirmative action to ensure that applicants are employed and that employees are treated during employment without regard to their race, creed, color, or national origin. Barack Obama was born only five months after Kennedy began affirmative action.