Moreover, the species appears to have survived freezing temperatures in Alexandria and North Sinai (Egypt) and in the San Joaquin Valley (California) (efsa, 2007). Let the citronella grass dry. These bars are similar to dried guava fruit bars available in some countries. Citronella Grass Oil as Mosquito Repellent Essay.Citronella Grass Oil as Mosquito Repellent abstract The study aims to produce oil economically available and accessible to the people. It was hypothesized that lemon grass and the baby oil mixture is also effective as insect repellant without chemicals. A female can lay up to 93 eggs/day, and as many as 564 in its lifetime (Qureshi., 1974). The vast majority of mosquito repellent tests published in the scientific literature use Aedes aegypti (the dengue/yellow fever mosquito ). According to an article of new tech bio, lemon grass is a very popular and used for medicinal, food and insect repellent products. Studies have been carried out to control. Cover the top with screen.
Studying The Peach Fruit Fly: Bactrocera zonata - UK Essays
Alternatively, fruits can be disinfested with high temperature treatments (water dips, dry or vapour heat, forced hair). Mango is also used in Andhra to make Dal / pappu. . The genus Bactrocera is considered a serious threat of fruit crops because of the wide host range of its species and the invasive power of some species within the genus (White and Helson-Harris 1992; Clarke., 2005). The population dynamics of such tephritid species are also susceptible to fluctuations in community attributes,.e., plant diversity, interspecific interactions, and abiotic factors. The study specifically focuses on using lemon grass or citronella grass or cymbopogon marginatus as a mosquito repellent in ointment.
Pest risk analysis suggests that the peach fruit fly is capable to establish and spread in coastal areas of the Mediterranean region, causing significant damage on fruit production. Heat treatments can cause fruit injury and alteration of colour, cold season in myanmar essay aroma, flavour or texture in some citrus fruits. Popular Essays Become a StudyMode Member Sign Up - It's Free. Insect repellents are important to the public health tools for the prevention of vector-borne infectious diseases. Some are far more important as nuisance-biting pests than others. This parapheromone, which is present in many plants, has both olfactory and phagostimulatory action and attracts peach fruit fly males from up to 800 m (Roomi., 1993). Adults live for 30-60 days and the pre-oviposition period (including sexual maturation of 8-16 days, ranges from 10 to 23 days. The suitability of European countries. Sour orange appeared to be the highest susceptible host, followed by orange and guava, whereas mandarin, apple, mango and fig were more resistant/showed some sort of resistance (Amro and Abdel-Galil, 2008). These allow such tephritids to become pestiferous in some areas, but barely noticeable in other areas, or subject them to localized extinction in still other areas Rapid transport of infested host fruits through cargo, personal luggage, and mail has complicated. Get help with your essay today, from our professional essay writers!
Lemon grass and baby oil as insect (mosquito) repellant
Climatic parameters used were modified from available data of other tephritid fruit flies (C. In Pakistan and Egypt, adults are present throughout the year except in January and February (Hussain, 1995; Farag., 2009). Carmelo, Banate, Iloilo on the month of September 1, 2014. These products offer a temporary solution but need to be re-applied constantly, and are not always effectively. Mosquito coils are one of the cheapest and effective way of avoiding them, but this coils are made up of chemicals which can harm our health.
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In Egypt, Dirhinus giffardii Silvestri (Hymenoptera: Chalcididae) and the cold season in myanmar essay pteromalids Spalangia cameroni Perkins and Pachycrepoideus vindemiae Rondani have been recorded on peach fruit fly pupae (Badr El-Sabah and Afia, 2004). Ceratitis capitata and. So we need to make insect (mosquito) repellant made of lemon grass and baby oil mixture. Gather and prepare all your needed materials. Zonata based on Ecoclimatic Index. However, this pest has been established in Egypt since the late 1990s and is now largely widespread throughout the country. Abstract, the peach fruit fly, Bactrocera zonata (Saunders) is one of the most harmful species of Tephritidae. Capitata in warm and dry areas. Peach fruit fly is a generalist tephritid species infesting many host species throughout the entire geographical range. Bactrocera zonata is well adapted to hot climates and shows higher low-temperature thresholds than those of the Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata, which is widespread in the Mediterranean countries. Pound it with a pestle. Lemon grass has thin stems, and the flowers are white, cream or green.
And lemon grass can use as natural insect repellent. Chapter I ( Introduction) Background of the study Statement of the problem/Objectives Review of Related Literatures. In Sri Lanka, this species is distributed throughout the island in wet and dry zones and has been recorded up to the elevation of 1800 m (Tsuruta., 1997). Bactrocera zonata males are attracted to citronella oil and to its active compound methyl eugenol (Howlett, 1915). It grows around 8 feet in height in some cases cold season in myanmar essay with the majority of species tapering off at 4 feet.
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Chapter II ( Methology ) Material Equipments Treatment/ General Procedures. Lemon Grass as Mosquito Repellent Essay.made into jelly or cooked with cold season in myanmar essay red gram dhal and green chillies may be served with cooked rice. . In addition, some naturally-derived insecticide are accepted in organic agriculture, such as spinosad, that is less toxic to beneficials than traditional insecticides, and a Neem formulation/azadirachtin, that showed sterilant and oviposition deterrent activities on the peach fruit fly (Mahmoud and Shoeib, 2008). Atis leaves as an insect repellant Essay.Project (Natural, mosquito, repellent) Abstract, mosquito repellents are essentially required these days. Thank you also to Almighty God who guides me to do this project. California has been invaded multiple times (1989, 20) by the peach fruit fly, but it has been successfully eradicated (eppo, 2005).
Bactrocera zonata is native from India and is present in numerous tropical countries of Asia. The most effective control strategy worldwide against fruit flies consists in bait sprays of malathion mixed with hydrolysed protein acting as attractants and phagostimulants. Lemon Grass as a Mosquito Repellent Essay irilenn OTE Gumamela Ext., Carmen Cagayan de Oro City Contact Email add: Objective: To enhance cold season in myanmar essay and to develop my skills in my field as a Business Administration Major in Marketing Management. Mated females pierce the skin of host fruits with their ovipositor and lay a batch of 2-9 eggs. So we thought about making a substitute mosquito coil that is not harmful to our health and that is the Anstor katol a natural and environmental friendly coil. Chapter III ( Discussion Results) Findings Analysis of Data VII. The thermal units required for the development of pre-imaginal stages were estimated in 224 degree day units (Duyck., 2004). Bactrocera zonata is listed as Dacus zonatus in Annex IAI of Directive 2000/29/EC, which includes harmful organisms whose introduction in EC countries are banned. However, no absolute statement about plant susceptibility can be made. In fact, in 2002/2003 at Fayoum Governatorate (Egypt the two species infested.5 and.35 of Navel orange,.0 and.9 of grapefruit,.7 and.7 of mandarin,.7 and.4 of sour orange,.6 and.3. Conclusion: Therefore we conclude that lemon grass and baby oil mixture can be an insect (mosquito) repellant. One estimate of the direct impact of peach fruit fly in Egypt was million euros, which did not include the costs or impacts of insecticide use to control this pest.